Abayomi Ogunbode v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS JAN 24 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT ABAYOMI EMMANUEL OGUNBODE, No. 17-72373 Petitioner, Agency No. A209-159-241 v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted January 18, 2023** Before: GRABER, PAEZ, and NGUYEN, Circuit Judges. Abayomi Emmanuel Ogunbode, a native and citizen of Nigeria, petitions pro se for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge’s (“IJ”) decision denying his applications for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). Torture (“CAT”), and his request for remand. Our jurisdiction is governed by 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence the agency’s factual findings. Conde Quevedo v. Barr, 947 F.3d 1238, 1241 (9th Cir. 2020). We review the denial of a motion to remand for abuse of discretion. Movsisian v. Ashcroft, 395 F.3d 1095, 1098 (9th Cir. 2005). We review de novo claims of due process violations in immigration proceedings. Simeonov v. Ashcroft, 371 F.3d 532, 535 (9th Cir. 2004). We deny in part and dismiss in part the petition for review. Substantial evidence supports the agency’s determination that Ogunbode was firmly resettled in South Africa before arriving in the United States. See 8 U.S.C. § 1158(b)(2)(A)(vi); Garland v. Ming Dai, 141 S. Ct. 1669, 1677 (2021) (the agency may credit part of a witness’s testimony without accepting it all); Aden v. Wilkinson, 989 F.3d 1073, 1079-80 (9th Cir. 2021) (firm resettlement standard described); 8 C.F.R. § 1208.15 (definition of firm resettlement). Ogunbode is therefore ineligible for asylum. In his opening brief Ogunbode does not raise, and therefore waives, any challenge to the BIA’s dispositive determination that he waived challenge to the IJ’s denial of withholding of removal. See Lopez-Vasquez v. Holder, 706 F.3d 1072, 1079-80 (9th Cir. 2013) (issues not specifically raised and argued in a party’s opening brief are waived). To the extent Ogunbode challenges the merits of his withholding of removal claim, we lack jurisdiction to consider it. See 2 17-72373 Barron v. Ashcroft, 358 F.3d 674, 677-78 (9th Cir. 2004) (petitioner must exhaust issues or claims in administrative proceedings below). Thus, Ogunbode’s withholding of removal claim fails. Substantial evidence supports the agency’s denial of CAT protection because Ogunbode failed to show it is more likely than not he would be tortured by or with the consent or acquiescence of the government if returned to Nigeria. See Aden v. Holder, 589 F.3d 1040, 1047 (9th Cir. 2009). The BIA did not abuse its discretion in denying Ogunbode’s request to remand where he failed to provide new evidence. See Angov v. Lynch, 788 F.3d 893, 897 (9th …

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