Ashraf Elgamal v. Rebecca Bernacke

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION MAR 05 2018 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT ASHRAF ELGAMAL, individually and as Nos. 15-17009 Guardian Ad Litem for A.E., a minor; 16-16683 AMANDA ELGAMAL, D.C. No. 2:13-cv-00867-DLR Plaintiffs–Appellants, v. MEMORANDUM* REBECCA BERNACKE, Employee of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services; CYNTHIA HARPER, Employee of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services; JOHN M. RAMIREZ; KIRSTJEN NIELSEN, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security; UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; JEFFREY S. BLUMBERG; LEON RODRIGUEZ, Defendants–Appellees. Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Arizona Douglas L. Rayes, District Judge, Presiding * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. Submitted February 16, 2018** San Francisco, California Before: KLEINFELD and TALLMAN, Circuit Judges, and MURPHY,*** District Judge. Plaintiffs sued under the Federal Tort Claims Act, the Administrative Procedure Act, and the Fifth Amendment. The district court dismissed the tort claims for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. It granted summary judgment on the other claims. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo, Senger v. United States, 103 F.3d 1437, 1440 (9th Cir. 1996), and affirm. I. A. Several of Plaintiffs’ tort claims are about Rebecca Bernacke’s and Cynthia Harper’s alleged conduct. But Plaintiffs did not file an administrative claim until more than two years after they had reason to know of the injuries that Bernacke and Harper allegedly caused. No tolling doctrines apply. Therefore, these claims are untimely. See 28 U.S.C. § 2401(b); Hensley v. United States, 531 F.3d 1052, 1056 (9th Cir. 2008). ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). *** The Honorable Stephen J. Murphy III, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of Michigan, sitting by designation. 2 B. Other tort claims are about Jeffrey Blumberg’s and Margo Schlanger’s conduct. Essential elements of these claims constitute torts listed in 28 U.S.C. § 2680(h), so sovereign immunity applies. See Sabow v. United States, 93 F.3d 1445, 1456 (9th Cir. 1996). C. Plaintiffs’ conspiracy claim must be dismissed because Arizona does not recognize that tort. See 28 U.S.C. § 1346(b)(1); Hansen v. Stoll, 636 P.2d 1236, 1242 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1981). Likewise, because no private person could be sued for anything sufficiently analogous to the negligent denial of an immigration status adjustment application, that claim must be dismissed as well. See Dugard v. United States, 835 F.3d 915, 921 (9th Cir. 2016); cf. Akutowicz v. United States, 859 F.2d 1122, 1125–26 (2d Cir. 1988). II. We lack jurisdiction over Plaintiffs’ Administrative Procedure Act claims. Because the challenged decision denying Plaintiffs’ status adjustment application was later withdrawn, we have not been asked to review a final agency action. See Bennett v. Spear, 520 U.S. 154, 177–78 (1997). No statute authorizes judicial 3 review of denials of status adjustment. Cabaccang v. U.S. Citizenship & Immigration ...

Original document
Source: All recent Immigration Decisions In All the U.S. Courts of Appeals