Brenda Alvarado-Velasquez v. Jefferson Sess

Case: 16-60692 Document: 00514469422 Page: 1 Date Filed: 05/11/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED May 11, 2018 No. 16-60692 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk BRENDA LETICIA ALVARADO-VELASQUEZ; JOCELIN JUDITH CANO- ALVARADO; SANDY VANESSA CANO-ALVARADO; DEBORA YESENIA CANO-ALVARADO, Petitioners v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A206 845 405 BIA No. A206 845 406 BIA No. A206 845 407 BIA No. A206 845 408 Before REAVLEY, JONES, and GRAVES, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Brenda Leticia Alvarado-Velasquez, on behalf of herself and three of her children, petitions for review of the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing her appeal from the order of the Immigration Judge (IJ) denying her application for asylum, withholding of removal, and relief * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 16-60692 Document: 00514469422 Page: 2 Date Filed: 05/11/2018 No. 16-60692 under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). As the BIA relied in substantial part on the IJ’s order, we may consider the reasoning of both the BIA and the IJ. See Wang v. Holder, 569 F.3d 531, 536 (5th Cir. 2009). We review for substantial evidence the determination that an alien is not eligible for asylum, withholding of removal, or CAT relief. Zhang v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 339, 344 (5th Cir. 2005). Under this standard, we may not reverse a factual finding unless the evidence compels it. Wang, 569 F.3d at 537. Alvarado-Velasquez must carry the burden of demonstrating that the evidence compels a contrary conclusion. See Zhao v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 295, 306 (5th Cir. 2005). Alvarado-Velasquez does not challenge the BIA’s dismissal of her claim for asylum based upon her past persecution on account of her membership in the particular social group (PSG) “female immediate family of Ferdin Cano Ramos”; accordingly, she has abandoned this claim. See Soadjede v. Ashcroft, 324 F.3d 830, 833 (5th Cir. 2003). In light of the record evidence that her assailants in 2013 were primarily motivated by economic concerns, substantial evidence supports the BIA’s finding that Alvarado-Velasquez’s membership in the proposed PSG “Guatemalan women living without male protection” was not a central reason that she suffered past persecution. See Shaikh v. Holder, 588 F.3d 861, 864 (5th Cir. 2009); Garcia v. Holder, 756 F.3d 885, 890 (5th Cir. 2004). Because Alvarado-Velasquez fails to show that she suffered past persecution on account of a protected ground, she necessarily fails to show that the BIA erred in holding that she is not entitled to humanitarian asylum. See Shehu v. Gonzales, 443 F.3d 435, 440 (5th Cir. 2006). The BIA declined to address for lack of exhaustion, and we therefore lack jurisdiction to consider, Alvarado-Velasquez’s claim that she is entitled to asylum based ...

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