Brenda Hidalgo v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS JAN 18 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT BRENDA MACIEL HIDALGO, AKA No. 15-72607 Brenda Hidalgo Maciel, Agency No. A205-714-634 Petitioner, v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Argued and Submitted March 10, 2022 Submission Withdrawn March 11, 2022 Resubmitted January 17, 2023 Pasadena, California Before: TALLMAN and FRIEDLAND, Circuit Judges, and KORMAN,** District Judge. Brenda Maciel Hidalgo, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of a decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) upholding the * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The Honorable Edward R. Korman, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of New York, sitting by designation. Immigration Judge’s (“IJ”) denial of her claims for asylum, withholding of removal, and relief under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and we grant the petition in part and deny it in part. 1. An applicant is not eligible for withholding of removal if she has been “convicted by a final judgment of a particularly serious crime” and “is a danger to the community of the United States.” 8 U.S.C. § 1231(b)(3)(B)(ii). When determining whether an applicant has committed a particularly serious crime, the agency considers “the nature of the conviction, the circumstances and underlying facts of the conviction, the type of sentence imposed, and, most importantly, whether the type and circumstances of the crime indicate that the [applicant] will be a danger to the community.” Matter of Frentescu, 18 I. & N. Dec. 244, 247 (B.I.A. 1982). This determination rests within the discretion of the agency and is accordingly reviewed for abuse of discretion. See Konou v. Holder, 750 F.3d 1120, 1127 (9th Cir. 2014). “Our review is limited to ensuring that the agency relied on the appropriate factors and proper evidence to reach this conclusion.” Avendano-Hernandez v. Lynch, 800 F.3d 1072, 1077 (9th Cir. 2015) (cleaned up). “We may not reweigh the evidence and reach our own determination about the crime’s seriousness.” Id. In making its determination that Hidalgo had committed a particularly 2 serious crime, the IJ relied heavily on the police reports from the incident. But those reports indicate, and the government does not dispute, that Hidalgo was not the aggressor behind the altercation that led to her conviction. Neither the IJ nor the BIA considered that fact, which bears heavily on the circumstances of the crime. Because it appears that the agency failed to consider all of the evidence before it, we remand for a reevaluation of the Frentescu factors in light of the entire record. See Flores Molina v. Garland, 37 F.4th 626, 632 (9th Cir. 2022) (“Where the BIA does not consider all the evidence before it, either by ‘misstating the record [or] failing to mention highly …

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