Caimin Li v. Jefferson B. Sessions

United States Court of Appeals For the Eighth Circuit ___________________________ No. 16-4279 ___________________________ Caimin Li lllllllllllllllllllllPetitioner v. Jefferson B. Sessions, III lllllllllllllllllllllRespondent ____________ Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals ____________ Submitted: October 26, 2017 Filed: October 31, 2017 [Unpublished] ____________ Before WOLLMAN, GRUENDER, and BENTON, Circuit Judges. ____________ PER CURIAM. In 2016, Chinese citizen Caimin Li sought to reopen his removal proceedings based on changed country conditions in China. See 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(C)(i), (ii) (motion to reopen to apply for asylum relief can be filed at any time, if motion is based on material, not previously available or discoverable, evidence of changed country conditions in country of nationality or to which removal was ordered). The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) agreed with the Immigration Judge (IJ) that Li’s evidence did not show changed conditions, and Li petitions for review of the BIA’s order. We review the challenged order under a highly deferential abuse-of-discretion standard. See Lin Yun Lin v. Mukasey, 526 F.3d 1164, 1165 (8th Cir. 2008). Li contends that the denial of his request was an abuse of discretion, arguing that the agency (1) failed to consider the entire record, in particular 2012 and 2014 reports from the Congressional-Executive Commission on China that Li cited, but did not submit, and undated media articles; and (2) “cherry-picked” the evidence it did consider. He further contends the record contained sufficient evidence that conditions for Christians in China who attended legal, unregistered churches and proselytized others, had materially changed since he was ordered removed in 2012.1 We find no merit in Li’s contentions. The agency’s decision reflects that it considered all of the evidence before it, and the BIA was not required to provide an explicit analysis of the submitted documentary evidence. See Omondi v. Holder, 674 F.3d 793, 801-02 (8th Cir. 2012) (agency must provide reasons specific enough to permit review; however, BIA need not list every possible positive and negative factor in its decision). Further, the BIA was not required to consider the unsubmitted 2012 and 2014 reports, because (1) it was Li’s responsibility to supply evidence supporting his motion; and (2) more important, the Commission’s 2015 report and the State Department’s 2014 International Religious Freedom Report, upon which the BIA based its determination, contained the most current and relevant information regarding the circumstances in China when Li moved to reopen in 2016. See 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(B) (motion to reopen proceedings based on changed country conditions shall state new facts that will be proven at hearing and shall be supported by affidavits or other evidentiary material); Berte v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 993, 997 (8th Cir. 2005) (BIA’s function is to review record, not create it; BIA will remand only if 1 In light of the BIA’s independent, dispositive ground for its decision, we need not address Li’s argument that he is prima facie eligible for relief. See INS v. Bagamasbad, 429 U.S. 24, 25-26 (1976). -2- previously unavailable evidence satisfies BIA that ...

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