Carla Mejia-Oviedos v. Jefferson Sessions

Case: 17-60179 Document: 00514397087 Page: 1 Date Filed: 03/22/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 17-60179 FILED March 22, 2018 Summary Calendar Lyle W. Cayce Clerk CARLA PATRICIA MEJIA-OVIEDOS, also known as Carla Patricia Mejia- Oviedge; FABIO ALEJANDRO LOPEZ-MEJIA, Petitioners v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A208 450 601 BIA No. A208 450 602 Before JONES, SMITH, and BARKSDALE, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Carla Patricia Mejia-Oviedos and her minor son Fabio Alejandro Lopez- Mejia, natives and citizens of Honduras, applied for admission into the United States without valid entry documents. During their removal proceedings, they applied for asylum and withholding of removal on the grounds that they had suffered death threats in Honduras from a gang that had attempted to recruit * Pursuant to 5th Cir. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5th Cir. R. 47.5.4. Case: 17-60179 Document: 00514397087 Page: 2 Date Filed: 03/22/2018 No. 17-60179 Lopez and that, if returned to Honduras, they reasonably feared death on account of their membership in the particular social group of Honduran mothers fleeing with their children because of gang recruitment. The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) affirmed the immigration judge’s (IJ) denial of the requested relief. Mejia and Lopez jointly petition for review. The BIA’s conclusions of law are reviewed de novo, Shaikh v. Holder, 588 F.3d 861, 863 (5th Cir. 2009); its findings of fact, including whether an alien is eligible for asylum or withholding of removal, for substantial evidence, Zhang v. Gonzales, 432 F.3d 339, 343–44 (5th Cir. 2005). “Under substantial evidence review, [we] may not reverse the BIA’s factual findings unless the evidence compels it.” Wang v. Holder, 569 F.3d 531, 536–37 (5th Cir. 2009). First, petitioners contend the IJ deprived them of due process by denying their request to continue the asylum merits hearing because they had only just obtained legal counsel and needed time to supplement their initial asylum application. The record shows, however, that petitioners’ counsel had appeared on their behalf more than three weeks earlier and was allowed to supplement the asylum application at the hearing. The BIA did not abuse its discretion in concluding petitioners did not show good cause for the requested continuance. Masih v. Mukasey, 536 F.3d 370, 373 (5th Cir. 2008). Moreover, as the BIA stated, petitioners did not explain how the denial of a continuance caused “actual prejudice” or “materially affected the outcome of [their] case”. In re Sibrun, 18 I. & N. Dec. 354, 356–57 (BIA 1983). Accordingly, they were not denied due process. E.g., Ali v. Gonzales, 440 F.3d 678, 681 (5th Cir. 2006). To obtain discretionary asylum relief as a refugee, an applicant must demonstrate either past persecution or a reasonable, well-founded fear of future persecution ...

Original document
Source: All recent Immigration Decisions In All the U.S. Courts of Appeals