Epifanio Perez v. Jefferson Sessions

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MAY 29 2018 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT EPIFANIO MARTINEZ PEREZ, No. 16-73326 Petitioner, Agency No. A070-560-143 v. MEMORANDUM* JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Argued and Submitted May 17, 2018 Seattle, Washington Before: BERZON and HURWITZ, Circuit Judges, and DEARIE,** District Judge. Epifanio Martinez Perez, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of a decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) dismissing an appeal of the denial by an Immigration Judge (“IJ”) of his applications for withholding of removal and relief under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). We have * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The Honorable Raymond J. Dearie, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of New York, sitting by designation. jurisdiction pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1252 and review the BIA’s factual findings for substantial evidence. See Lopez-Birrueta v. Holder, 633 F.3d 1211, 1214 (9th Cir. 2011). We deny the petition for review. 1. “[A] petitioner may establish eligibility for withholding of removal (A) by establishing a presumption of fear of future persecution based on past persecution, or (B) through an independent showing of clear probability of future persecution.” Tamang v. Holder, 598 F.3d 1083, 1091 (9th Cir. 2010) (citing 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(b)(1)–(2)). Even taking Perez’s testimony as true, substantial evidence supports the IJ’s and BIA’s finding that Perez had not established that the Mexican government was “unable or unwilling to control” his alleged persecutors. See Gormley v. Ashcroft, 364 F.3d 1172, 1177 (9th Cir. 2004). When Perez reported his fear of being falsely accused of child molestation to police officers, they assured him that there were no charges pending against him. See Truong v. Holder, 613 F.3d 938, 941 (9th Cir. 2010) (per curiam) (“[T]he Truongs’ professed belief that the Italian government was complicit in or unwilling to stop their harassment is undermined by the fact that the Truongs repeatedly sought assistance from the Italian police, who dutifully made reports after each incident and indicated that they would investigate.”). After Perez’s grandfather allegedly threatened him, officers agreed to place Perez in protective custody. Even assuming the truth of Perez’s contention that a police officer then accepted a bribe to allow Perez’s grandfather and his 2 associates into the jail, Perez does not assert that the police allowed the men to harm him. Rather, he claims officers detained them in a separate cell and then released him well before them. 2. Perez provided country condition reports and expert testimony describing the Mexican police as corrupt. A petitioner may “use generalized country conditions information to show that reporting . . . activity to the police would have been futile, or that doing so might have placed the applicant in greater danger.” Afriyie v. Holder, 613 F.3d 924, ...

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