Feliciano Hernandez Cipriano v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED JUL 22 2022 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT Feliciano Hernandez Cipriano, No. 21-318 Petitioner, Agency No. A208-085-697 v. Merrick B. Garland, U.S. Attorney MEMORANDUM* General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted July 12, 2022** Before: SCHROEDER, R. NELSON, and VANDYKE, Circuit Judges. Feliciano Hernandez Cipriano, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge’s decision denying his application for asylum and withholding of removal. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review de novo the legal question of whether a particular social group is cognizable, except to the extent that deference is owed to the BIA’s * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). interpretation of the governing statutes and regulations. Conde Quevedo v. Barr, 947 F.3d 1238, 1241-42 (9th Cir. 2020). We review for substantial evidence the agency’s factual findings. Id. at 1241. We deny the petition for review. The BIA did not err in concluding that Hernandez Cipriano did not establish membership in a cognizable particular social group. See Reyes v. Lynch, 842 F.3d 1125, 1131 (9th Cir. 2016) (in order to demonstrate membership in a particular social group, “[t]he applicant must ‘establish that the group is (1) composed of members who share a common immutable characteristic, (2) defined with particularity, and (3) socially distinct within the society in question’” (quoting Matter of M-E-V-G-, 26 I. & N. Dec. 227, 237 (BIA 2014))); see also Delgado-Ortiz v. Holder, 600 F.3d 1148, 1151-52 (9th Cir. 2010) (“returning Mexicans from the United States” does not constitute a particular social group); Barbosa v. Barr, 926 F.3d 1053, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 2019) (proposed group, like that rejected in Delgado-Ortiz, is “too broad” to qualify as a cognizable particular social group). Thus, Hernandez Cipriano’s asylum and withholding of removal claims fail. The temporary stay of removal remains in place until issuance of the mandate. The motion for a stay of removal is otherwise denied. PETITION FOR REVIEW DENIED. 2 21-318 21-318 Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ca9 9th Cir. Feliciano Hernandez Cipriano v. Merrick Garland 22 July 2022 Agency Unpublished 98ded91cf0f9ead8d2df97644f7c006076b2290e

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