Gaspar Gaspar v. Jefferson Sessions

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION JUN 12 2018 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT GASPAR TOMAS GASPAR and No. 16-36026 NICOLAS GASPAR TOMAS PABLO, D.C. No. 2:16-cv-01331-JLR Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. MEMORANDUM* JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Attorney General of the United States, Defendant-Appellee. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington James L. Robart, District Judge, Presiding Submitted June 8, 2018** Seattle, Washington Before: BYBEE and N.R. SMITH, Circuit Judges, and HUCK,*** District Judge. * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). *** The Honorable Paul C. Huck, United States District Judge for the U.S. District Court for Southern Florida, sitting by designation. Gaspar Tomas Gaspar (“Gaspar”) and Nicolas Gaspar Tomas Pablo (“Pablo”) appeal from the district court’s dismissal of their complaint for lack of jurisdiction. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm the district court. 1. In the immigration context, nunc pro tunc relief is only available in two circumstances: “(1) when the only ground of deportability or inadmissibility would thereby be eliminated and (2) when the alien would receive a grant of adjustment of status in conjunction with the grant of any appropriate waivers of inadmissibility.” Corona-Mendez v. Holder, 593 F.3d 1143, 1148 (9th Cir. 2010). Here, the district court correctly concluded that it lacked jurisdiction to adjudicate the complaint, because jurisdiction was vested in the court of appeals under 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(5), (b)(9). Pablo’s eligibility for relief under § 203 of the Nicaraguan and Central American Relief Act (“NACARA”) arose out of Gaspar and Pablo’s removal proceedings. In an effort to eliminate a ground of deportability for Pablo, the nunc pro tunc motion requested that Gaspar’s NACARA application be backdated to before Pablo turned 21. Even though Pablo’s removal proceedings had been administratively closed when the Board of Immigration Appeals ruled on Gaspar’s nunc pro tunc motion, the administrative closure did not change the posture of this 2 case. Any decision by the district court would necessarily have to review the decisions by the underlying agencies with regard to whether Pablo met the requirements for relief from removal under § 203 of NACARA. Section “1252(a)(5) prohibits Administrative Procedure Act claims that indirectly challenge a removal order.” Martinez v. Napolitano, 704 F.3d 620, 622 (9th Cir. 2012). Thus, the claims “are bound up in and an inextricable part of the administrative process” and must be raised through the petition for review process. J.E.F.M. v. Lynch, 837 F.3d 1026, 1033 (9th Cir. 2016). If removal proceedings are reinitiated against Pablo, he may raise his eligibility under § 203 of NACARA. See Barrios v. Holder, 581 F.3d 849, 857 (9th Cir. 2009). 2. Absent a final order of removal for Pablo, we also lack jurisdiction to review this ...

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