Gerson Ruano-Salazar v. Jefferson Sessions, III

Case: 17-60322 Document: 00514408903 Page: 1 Date Filed: 03/30/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 17-60322 FILED Summary Calendar March 30, 2018 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk GERSON OSWALDO RUANO-SALAZAR, Petitioner v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A098 652 308 Before JONES, SMITH, and BARKSDALE, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * After failing to appear at his 15 November 2005 removal hearing, Gerson Oswaldo Ruano-Salazar, a native and citizen of Guatemala, was ordered removed from the United States in absentia. More than ten years later, Ruano moved, in April 2016, to reopen his removal proceedings and to rescind the in absentia removal order. The Immigration Judge (IJ) denied the motion, and the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed the appeal. Ruano petitions * Pursuant to 5th Cir. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5th Cir. R. 47.5.4. Case: 17-60322 Document: 00514408903 Page: 2 Date Filed: 03/30/2018 No. 17-60322 for review of the BIA’s order. For the following reasons, there was, inter alia, no abuse of the BIA’s discretion. Barrios-Cantarero v. Holder, 772 F.3d 1019, 1021 (5th Cir. 2014). First, Ruano asserts the BIA erred in denying his motion to rescind the in absentia removal order because he did not receive actual notice of the removal hearing. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(b)(5)(C)(ii). He concedes, however, that he did not provide the immigration court with an address for service, despite receiving written and oral notice of his obligation to do so. 8 U.S.C. § 1229(a)(1)(F)(i). Accordingly, he is not entitled to rescission of the in absentia removal order based on lack of notice. Gomez-Palacios v. Holder, 560 F.3d 354, 361 (5th Cir. 2009). Moreover, because his motion to rescind was filed more than 180 days after entry of the final order of removal, Ruano may not rely on “exceptional circumstances” to excuse his failure to provide an address for service. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(b)(5)(C). Next, Ruano contends the BIA erred in finding equitable tolling was not applicable to the relevant statutory period in which he was permitted to file a motion to reopen. Equitable tolling is warranted only if Ruano establishes “(1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented timely filing”. Lugo-Resendez v. Lynch, 831 F.3d 337, 344 (5th Cir. 2016) (quoting Menominee Indian Tribe of Wis. v. United States, 136 S. Ct. 750, 755 (2016)). Ruano fails to establish he was diligent in seeking relief from the order of removal. Along that line, his claims he was deceived by various persons who represented themselves as attorneys while working on his immigration case fall short of establishing diligence throughout the relevant over ten-year period. In that regard, Ruano does not assert he ever ...

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