Gracia Barahona-Mira v. Jefferson Sessions, III

Case: 17-60324 Document: 00514511926 Page: 1 Date Filed: 06/13/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 17-60324 FILED Summary Calendar June 13, 2018 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk GRACIA MARIA BARAHONA-MIRA, Petitioner v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A097 739 452 Before WIENER, DENNIS, and SOUTHWICK, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Gracia Maria Barahona-Mira, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions for review of the decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing her appeal of an order of an Immigration Judge (IJ) denying her motion to reopen removal proceedings and to rescind an earlier in absentia removal order. She contends that she did not receive proper notice of the removal hearing because it was not addressed to her but allegedly to her * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 17-60324 Document: 00514511926 Page: 2 Date Filed: 06/13/2018 No. 17-60324 parent. Because she was not under 14 years of age at the time, Barahona-Mira contends that service on a parent was insufficient to satisfy the statutory requirements of proper service. In reviewing the denial of a motion to reopen removal proceedings, we apply a deferential abuse of discretion standard. Hernandez-Castillo v. Sessions, 875 F.3d 199, 203 (5th Cir. 2017). The BIA’s decision must be upheld as long as it is not “capricious, racially invidious, utterly without foundation in the evidence, or otherwise so irrational that it is arbitrary rather than the result of any perceptible rational approach.” Singh v. Gonzales, 436 F.3d 484, 487 (5th Cir. 2006) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). We review the BIA’s factual findings under the substantial evidence test, meaning that we may not overturn the BIA’s factual findings unless the evidence compels a contrary conclusion. Chun v. INS, 40 F.3d 76, 78 (5th Cir. 1994). The address Barahona-Mira provided to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) included her name, as well as “c/o Gloria A. Iraheta.” Substantial evidence supports the BIA’s finding that the hearing notice was mailed to this address. See id. The BIA found that service thus complied with the statute and applicable regulations, citing 8 C.F.R. § 103.8 (previously codified at 8 C.F.R. § 103.5a (2003)) and 8 U.S.C. § 1229(c). The evidence does not compel a contrary conclusion. See Chun, 40 F.3d at 78; see also 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(b)(5)(A), (B). Also, substantial evidence supports the BIA’s finding that Barahona-Mira failed to rebut the presumption of delivery of the notice. See Chun, 40 F.3d at 78; In re M-R-A-, 24 I. & N. Dec. 665, 672-73 (BIA 2008). For the first time before this court, Barahona-Mira argues that the 2003 Notice to Appear (NTA) failed to inform her in Spanish of ...

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