Gurdeep Singh v. Merrick Garland

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION JAN 31 2023 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT GURDEEP SINGH, No. 20-73418 Petitioner, Agency No. A205-243-731 v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted January 27, 2023** San Francisco, California Before: GOULD, RAWLINSON, and BRESS, Circuit Judges. Gurdeep Singh (Singh), a native and citizen of India, petitions for review of a decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing his appeal of the denial by an Immigration Judge (IJ) of asylum, withholding of removal, and relief * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). Singh contends that substantial evidence does not support the agency’s denial of asylum and withholding of removal based on its adverse credibility determination and its denial of CAT relief.1 “Taking the totality of the circumstances into account, we review the BIA’s credibility determination for substantial evidence. . . .” Barseghyan v. Garland, 39 F.4th 1138, 1142 (9th Cir. 2022) (citations omitted). “We also review the denial of CAT relief for substantial evidence.” Ruiz-Colmenares v. Garland, 25 F.4th 742, 748 (9th Cir. 2022) (citation omitted). “Under the substantial evidence standard, administrative findings of fact are conclusive unless any reasonable adjudicator would be compelled to conclude to the contrary.” Id. (citation omitted) (emphasis in the original). Substantial evidence supports the agency’s adverse credibility determination. Contrary to Singh’s assertions, the BIA fully reviewed the record, applied the correct standard under the REAL ID Act, and pointed to significant inconsistencies between Singh’s testimony and his prior statements concerning an 1 Although Singh contends that he demonstrated past persecution and a well-founded fear of future persecution in support of his asylum and withholding of removal claims, the BIA relied exclusively on the adverse credibility determination and did not otherwise address the merits of Singh’s claims. 2 assault committed by his former girlfriend’s family at a hotel. In his initial statement, Singh explained that, after escaping the hotel, he “did not stop and never looked back.” However, Singh submitted a corrected statement that he “went to the police station and told them what had happened to him.” Additionally, Singh’s testimony that he called his father after fleeing to Delhi was inconsistent with his statement that he “lived in hiding in Delhi for some time after this incident,” and “[t]hen . . . called [his] parents and told them what happened to [him].” Finally, the BIA properly concluded that Singh “was evasive when questioned regarding his prior dishonesty to a consular official.”2 Under the totality of circumstances, Singh’s inconsistent statements and evasiveness support the BIA’s determination that he was not credible. See Barseghyan, 39 F.4th at 1142-43 (“The REAL ID Act permits [the agency] …

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