Hussain Al-Jabari v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FEB 14 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT HUSSAIN JIYAD AL-JABARI, No. 18-73155 Petitioner, Agency No. A071-680-533 v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted February 10, 2023** Phoenix, Arizona Before: GRABER, CLIFTON, and CHRISTEN, Circuit Judges. Petitioner Hussain Jiyad Al-Jabari, a native and citizen of Iraq, timely petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) order dismissing his appeal from an Immigration Judge’s (“IJ”) denial of a motion to reopen. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review the denial of a * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). motion to reopen for abuse of discretion and review legal questions de novo. Bonilla v. Lynch, 840 F.3d 575, 581 (9th Cir. 2016). Where the BIA adopts the reasoning of the IJ and adds some of its own reasoning, we review both decisions. Nehad v. Mukasey, 535 F.3d 962, 966 (9th Cir. 2008). We deny the petition in part and dismiss it in part. 1. The government served Petitioner with an initial notice to appear that omitted the date and time of his hearing. Petitioner’s initial notice was later supplemented with that missing information. Petitioner contends that the agency lacked authority to act because the relevant regulations allowing that procedure are ultra vires and exceed the scope of the authority granted by Congress. In the alternative, he maintains that the IJ lacked jurisdiction. In United States v. Bastide-Hernandez, 39 F.4th 1187 (9th Cir. 2022) (en banc), ”), cert. denied, No. 22-6281, 2023 WL 350056 (U.S. Jan. 23, 2023), we held that an undated notice to appear that is later supplemented by a notice of hearing does not deprive the agency of authority to act. 39 F.4th at 1193. We reached that conclusion by relying on the statute, not the regulations. Id. at 1191–93. We also held that the omission of the date and time of the hearing on the initial notice to appear does not divest the IJ of subject-matter jurisdiction. 39 F.4th at 1193 & n.7. Thus, both of Petitioner’s arguments fail. 2 2. The BIA did not abuse its discretion by concluding that Petitioner’s motion to reopen was time-barred and number-barred. Petitioner appeals from the denial of his second motion to reopen, which was filed more than six years after the final administrative order of removal. In general, a petitioner may file only one motion to reopen proceedings. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(A). That motion must be filed within ninety days of the final order of removal. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(C)(i). There are limited exceptions to those requirements. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(C)(ii); 8 C.F.R. § 1003.2(c)(3). But Petitioner does not argue that …

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