Ma Guadalupe Parra Santacruz v. Merrick Garland

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS JAN 19 2023 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT MA GUADALUPE PARRA SANTACRUZ, No. 20-72819 Petitioner, Agency No. A208-926-475 v. MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney MEMORANDUM* General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Argued and Submitted November 16, 2021 Submission Vacated June 9, 2022 Resubmitted January 11, 2023 Pasadena, California Before: BERZON and RAWLINSON, Circuit Judges, and ANTOON,** District Judge. Concurrence by Judge RAWLINSON. Ma. Guadalupe Parra Santacruz, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA’s) order dismissing her appeal * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The Honorable John Antoon II, United States District Judge for the Middle District of Florida, sitting by designation. from an Immigration Judge’s decision denying her application for asylum, withholding of removal, and relief under the Convention Against Torture (CAT).1 We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252 and review “denials of asylum, withholding of removal, and CAT relief for substantial evidence.” Yali Wang v. Sessions, 861 F.3d 1003, 1007 (9th Cir. 2017). We grant the petition and remand.2 1. The agency’s adverse credibility determination is not supported by substantial evidence. Mrs. Parra provided detailed, complex, and coherent testimony about the kidnapping and eventual murder of her son, her fruitless attempts to compel a serious police investigation, and threats she received from both government officials and suspected cartel members as she investigated the case herself. The inconsistencies highlighted by the agency are either trivial in light of other evidence, adequately explained by Mrs. Parra, or not inconsistent at all. The agency’s determination that certain parts of Mrs. Parra’s testimony were implausible is itself implausible. Finally, while Mrs. Parra and her older son did lie to border officials about whether they had previously resided in the United States and whether they knew the whereabouts of Mrs. Parra’s husband—who was then 1 On May 25, 2022, this Court severed and dismissed Petitioners David Villasenor Parra and Joram Villasenor Parra from this petition for review. Dkt. No. 43. 2 Mrs. Parra’s argument that the Immigration Judge lacked jurisdiction over her removal proceedings because of deficiencies in her Notice to Appear is foreclosed by this Court’s en banc decision in United States v. Bastide-Hernandez, 39 F.4th 1187, 1193 (9th Cir. 2022) (en banc). 2 living illegally in the United States—these misrepresentations are explainable by a fear of persecution and an understandable desire to protect Mrs. Parra’s husband from deportation. The statements do little to undermine the core of Mrs. Parra’s testimony under the totality of circumstances. See Alam v. Garland, 11 F.4th 1133, 1135 (9th Cir. 2021) (“[U]nder the REAL ID Act, credibility determinations are made—and must be reviewed—based on the ‘totality of the circumstances and all relevant factors,’ not a single factor.”). 2. The agency’s determination that Mrs. Parra did not establish a …

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