Marco Pindter-Bonilla v. Jefferson Sessions

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS APR 25 2018 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT MARCO ANTONIO PINDTER-BONILLA, No. 15-70079 Petitioner, Agency No. A205-299-907 v. MEMORANDUM* JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Argued and Submitted April 13, 2018 Seattle, Washington Before: HAWKINS and McKEOWN, Circuit Judges, and TEILBORG,** District Judge. Marco Antonio Pindter-Bonilla, a native of Mexico and citizen of both Mexico and Nicaragua, appeals from the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (“BIA”) dismissal of his appeal of an Immigration Judge’s (“IJ”) decision denying his * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The Honorable James A. Teilborg, United States District Judge for the District of Arizona, sitting by designation. applications for withholding of removal and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). We have jurisdiction pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and we deny Pindter-Bonilla’s petition for review. As to withholding of removal based on past persecution in Mexico, substantial evidence supports the BIA’s conclusion that Pindter-Bonilla’s kidnappers were not motivated by his status as a Central American migrant. See Zetino v. Holder, 622 F.3d 1007, 1016 (9th Cir. 2010). Instead, the kidnappers’ phone call to Pindter- Bonilla’s family member indicates the kidnappers’ motives were rooted in financial gain. Although the IJ and BIA did not apply the “a reason” standard articulated in Barajas-Romero v. Lynch, 846 F.3d 351, 360 (9th Cir. 2017), this error does not require remand because the IJ and BIA concluded that a protected ground was not a reason at all—versus one of many reasons—for the past persecution. Substantial evidence also supports the BIA’s conclusion that Pindter-Bonilla did not establish a clear probability of future persecution. In particular, Mexico has passed comprehensive migrant laws and there was otherwise no evidence Pindter-Bonilla was at an individualized risk of future persecution. See Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1060 (9th Cir. 2009). Similarly, substantial evidence supports the BIA’s conclusion that Pindter- Bonilla did not establish a clear probability of future persecution in Nicaragua. Pindter-Bonilla fears persecution in Nicaragua based on the possibility others will 2 impute his mother’s anti-Sandinista government opinions to him. However, Pindter- Bonilla cites no evidence that places him at an individualized risk of future persecution. Moreover, his family members—who previously fled Nicaragua due to their own anti-Sandinista political views—have returned to Nicaragua without harm.1 See Santos-Lemus v. Mukasey, 542 F.3d 738, 743 (9th Cir. 2008) (recognizing that ongoing family safety may mitigate a well-founded fear of future persecution). Substantial evidence also supports the BIA’s denial of CAT relief for both Mexico and Nicaragua because there is no specific evidence that Pindter-Bonilla will be subject to a “particularized threat of torture” upon his return to either country. Dhital v. Mukasey, 532 F.3d 1044, 1051 (9th Cir. 2008). Rather, Pindter- Bonilla’s reliance on his membership in disfavored groups is insufficient ...

Original document
Source: All recent Immigration Decisions In All the U.S. Courts of Appeals