Miguel Pacheco-Ascencio v. Jefferson Sessions

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS OCT 18 2017 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT MIGUEL PACHECO-ASCENCIO, No. 14-70814 Petitioner, Agency No. A097-764-958 v. MEMORANDUM* JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Argued and Submitted August 30, 2017 Seattle, Washington Before: HAWKINS and McKEOWN, Circuit Judges, and FOOTE,** District Judge. Miguel Pacheco-Ascencio, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge's decision denying his application for withholding of removal * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The Honorable Elizabeth E. Foote, United States District Judge for the Western District of Louisiana, sitting by designation. and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”). Reviewing the agency’s factual findings for substantial evidence, Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1056 (9th Cir. 2009), we deny the petition for review. As to withholding of removal based on past persecution, substantial evidence supports the agency’s conclusion that a fundamental change in circumstance rebutted the presumption of future persecution. See 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(b)(1); see also Singh v. Holder, 753 F.3d 826 (9th Cir. 2014). More than two decades have passed since Pacheco has seen his father, and there was no evidence that his father would recognize him. Substantial evidence also supports the agency’s conclusion that Pacheco did not independently establish a clear probability of future persecution. See Hoxha v. Ashcroft, 319 F.3d 1179, 1185 (9th Cir. 2003). In light of these dispositive findings, we reject Pacheco’s argument that the agency violated due process by failing to consider a nexus between future harm and the social groups he proposed. See Lata v. I.N.S., 204 F.3d 1241, 1246 (9th Cir. 2000) (noting that a petitioner must show both error and substantial prejudice to prevail on a due process challenge). As to Pacheco’s claim based on his membership in the Tarasco indigenous group, substantial evidence supports the agency’s determination that it is not more likely than not that Pacheco will be persecuted on this basis. Substantial evidence also supports the conclusion that Pacheco failed to show a pattern or practice of 2 14-70814 persecution against the Tarasco in Mexico. See Wakkary, 558 F.3d at 1061. Accordingly, substantial evidence supports the agency's denial of withholding of removal. Substantial evidence also supports the agency's denial of CAT relief because Pacheco failed to establish that it is more likely than not he will be tortured with the participation or acquiescence of a government official or person acting in an official capacity if he returns to Mexico. See id. at 1067-68. Accordingly, the petition is DENIED. 3 14-70814 14-70814 Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ca9 9th Cir. Miguel Pacheco-Ascencio v. Jefferson Sessions 18 October 2017 Agency Unpublished c74c172d25c995e2d2ab9f845bc1d311e8ba09be

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