Miguel Pina Rangel v. Merrick Garland

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION JUN 8 2023 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT MIGUEL ANGEL PINA RANGEL, No. 19-72991 Petitioner, Agency No. A202-177-085 v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted June 5, 2023** Pasadena, California Before: WALLACE and OWENS, Circuit Judges, and FITZWATER,*** District Judge. * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). *** The Honorable Sidney A. Fitzwater, United States District Judge for the Northern District of Texas, sitting by designation. Miguel Angel Pina Rangel, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA) decision affirming the immigration judge’s (IJ’s) order denying his applications for asylum, withholding of removal, and relief under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and we deny the petition. We review factual findings, including adverse credibility determinations, for substantial evidence. Iman v. Barr, 972 F.3d 1058, 1064 (9th Cir. 2020). Where, as here, “the BIA conducts its own review of the evidence and law, rather than adopting the IJ’s decision, our review is limited to the BIA’s decision, except to the extent the IJ’s opinion is expressly adopted.” Guerra v. Barr, 974 F.3d 909, 911 (9th Cir. 2020) (citation omitted). 1. The agency denied petitioner’s application for relief after rendering an adverse credibility determination. This case is governed by the REAL ID Act, which dictates that “an adverse credibility determination must be made after considering the totality of circumstances, and all relevant factors.” Shrestha v. Holder, 590 F.3d 1034, 1040 (9th Cir. 2010) (internal quotation marks omitted). Relevant factors include “the consistency between … written and oral statements.” 8 U.S.C. § 1158(b)(1)(B)(iii). The adverse credibility determination was supported by petitioner’s failure to mention a bus robbery that he and his family fell victim to until three years after his 2 immigration case began. Petitioner was interviewed by an asylum officer and completed an I-589 application. He did not mention the bus robbery in either of these statements. These statements suggested petitioner’s claim for relief was based on a conflict between petitioner, petitioner’s common-law wife, and a man named Marcos Linares Gutierrez (“Linares”), who had been harassing and threatening petitioner and petitioner’s wife. But at his individual hearing before the IJ, petitioner testified regarding the bus robbery and recharacterized his issues in Mexico as primarily arising between him and the Mexican police. See Silva-Pereira v. Lynch, 827 F.3d 1176, 1185 (9th Cir. 2016) (“[A]n adverse credibility determination may be supported by omissions that are not ‘details,’ but new allegations that tell a ‘much different—and more compelling—story of persecution than [the] initial application[.]’” (citation omitted)). According to petitioner, Linares was simply an individual who was …

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