Norma Leticia Sabino Hernandez v. Merrick B. Garland

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION MAR 17 2023 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT NORMA LETICIA SABINO No. 20-72562 HERNANDEZ, Agency No. A206-269-157 Petitioner, v. MEMORANDUM* MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted March 14, 2023** Pasadena, California Before: PAEZ, CHRISTEN, and MILLER, Circuit Judges. Norma Leticia Sabino Hernandez petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ order dismissing her appeal from an Immigration Judge’s (IJ’s) decision denying her applications for asylum, withholding of removal, and * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). protection under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). We have jurisdiction pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1252, and we deny the petition for review. 1. First, we conclude substantial evidence supports the agency’s adverse credibility determination. The IJ observed that there was a nontrivial inconsistency between one of Sabino Hernandez’s declarations and her testimony, that aspects of her factual account were implausible, and that she admitted she had presented false documents in at least some of her previous attempts to enter the United States. These considerations were proper under the REAL ID Act and constitute “specific and cogent” reasons supporting the IJ’s adverse credibility determination. Shrestha v. Holder, 590 F.3d 1034, 1042–43 (9th Cir. 2010); see 8 U.S.C. § 1158(b)(1)(B)(iii) (allowing consideration of, among other things, the “inherent plausibility” of the petitioner’s account and the consistency between the petitioner’s written and oral statements); Li v. Garland, 13 F.4th 954, 960–61 (9th Cir. 2021) (observing that the petitioner’s submission of false information in a visa application supported the BIA’s adverse credibility determination). 2. Substantial evidence supports the agency’s denial of Sabino Hernandez’s asylum and withholding claims because she failed to show the Mexican government is unable or unwilling to protect her from her assailants. Though she argues the police were “not very helpful” after she was kidnapped and shot, the 2 record shows the police arrived 30 minutes after being called, took Sabino Hernandez to the police station to be treated by Red Cross paramedics, took her to a hospital, and had her sign documents at the prosecutor’s office after she was released from the hospital. Sabino Hernandez does not know whether the police continued investigating the shooting because she left for the United States a few days after being released from the hospital and did not provide the police with her contact information. Substantial evidence therefore supports the IJ’s ruling that Sabino Hernandez failed to show Mexican authorities would be unwilling or unable to protect her from her assailants. See, e.g., Doe v. Holder, 736 F.3d 871, 878 (9th Cir. 2013) (holding that “where the asylum applicant failed to provide the police with sufficiently specific information to permit an investigation or …

Original document
Source: All recent Immigration Decisions In All the U.S. Courts of Appeals