Olga Diaz-Tovar v. Jefferson Sessions, III

Case: 16-60827 Document: 00514332121 Page: 1 Date Filed: 02/01/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 16-60827 FILED Summary Calendar February 1, 2018 Lyle W. Cayce OLGA MARISOL DIAZ-TOVAR, Clerk Petitioner v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U.S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A088 734 423 Before BENAVIDES, CLEMENT, and GRAVES, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Olga Marisol Diaz-Tovar, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’s (BIA’s) dismissal of her appeal of the Immigration Judge (IJ’s) decision denying her application for asylum, withholding of removal, and for relief under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 16-60827 Document: 00514332121 Page: 2 Date Filed: 02/01/2018 No. 16-60827 We lack jurisdiction to review the denial of Diaz-Tovar’s claim for asylum because her asylum application was untimely filed. Although Diaz-Tovar argues that she is eligible for an exception to the one-year asylum filing deadline based on changed or extraordinary circumstances, 8 U.S.C. § 1158(a)(3) specifically bars this court from exercising jurisdiction over that fact-intensive question. Zhu v. Gonzales, 493 F.3d 588, 594 (5th Cir. 2007); Nakimbugwe v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 281, 284 n.1 (5th Cir. 2007) (noting that the determination regarding the existence of extraordinary circumstances is a factual issue). Therefore, we dismiss the petition for review in part. Generally, we review only the order of the BIA and consider the underlying decision of the IJ to the extent that it influenced the BIA’s decision. Zhu, 493 F.3d at 593. We review the BIA’s determination that an alien is not eligible for withholding of removal or relief under the CAT under the substantial evidence standard, Chen v. Gonzales, 470 F.3d 1131, 1134 (5th Cir. 2006), and will reverse only if the record compels a different conclusion, Zhu, 493 F.3d at 594. “To be eligible for withholding of removal, an applicant must demonstrate a ‘clear probability’ of persecution on the basis of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.” Chen, 470 F.3d at 1138. If an alien proves past persecution, she is entitled to a rebuttable presumption of a well-founded fear of future persecution. 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(b)(1). This presumption may be rebutted by showing, inter alia, that there has been a fundamental change in circumstances such that the alien no longer has a well-founded fear of future persecution or that she could avoid future persecution by relocating to another part of the country. § 1208.16(b)(1)(i). “[R]elief under the Convention Against Torture requires a two part analysis—first, is it more likely than not that the alien will be 2 Case: 16-60827 Document: 00514332121 Page: 3 Date Filed: 02/01/2018 No. 16-60827 tortured upon return to ...

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