Olvin Recarte-Cruz v. Merrick B. Garland

United States Court of Appeals For the Eighth Circuit ___________________________ No. 20-2398 ___________________________ Olvin Antonio Recarte-Cruz Petitioner v. Merrick B. Garland, Attorney General of the United States Respondent ____________ Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals ____________ Submitted: May 10, 2023 Filed: August 2, 2023 [Unpublished] ____________ Before SHEPHERD, STRAS, and KOBES, Circuit Judges. ____________ PER CURIAM. The Department of Homeland Security began removal proceedings against Olvin Recarte-Cruz in 2016. Recarte-Cruz applied for cancellation of his removal, and the Immigration Judge denied the application. Recarte-Cruz appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals and moved to remand his case to the IJ to consider new evidence. The BIA dismissed the appeal, and Recarte-Cruz petitioned this Court for review. We deny Recarte-Cruz’s petition for review. Recarte-Cruz argues that the BIA abused its discretion by denying his motion to remand.1 “Motions to remand are disfavored, and we review their denial under a highly deferential abuse of discretion standard.” Campos Julio v. Barr, 953 F.3d 550, 553 (8th Cir. 2020) (citation omitted). If a petitioner wants to bring new, previously unavailable evidence, “the BIA will remand only if the evidence is of such a nature that . . . [it] would likely change the result in the case.” Berte v. Ashcroft, 396 F.3d 993, 997 (8th Cir. 2005) (citation omitted). The BIA abuses its discretion in denying a motion to remand to consider new evidence “only when its decision is without rational explanation, departs from established policies, invidiously discriminates against a particular race or group, or where the agency fails to consider all factors presented by the alien or distorts important aspects of the claim.” Rodriguez v. Barr, 952 F.3d 984, 991 (8th Cir. 2020) (citation omitted); see also Coelho, 20 I. & N. Dec. 464, 471 (BIA 1992) (explaining that motions to remand for the consideration of new evidence are treated as motions to reopen). At his hearing, Recarte-Cruz argued that his removal would cause exceptional and extremely unusual hardship to his qualifying relatives—his citizen children. At the time, Recarte-Cruz’s two older children lived with him while his two younger children lived with their mother. Recarte-Cruz maintained that if he were deported, his two oldest children would move back to Honduras with him while the younger two would stay in the United States with their mother. In 2016, Recarte-Cruz’s youngest son, Christian, was diagnosed with an autoimmune disorder. Ultimately, 1 As an initial matter, the Government argues that we do not have jurisdiction to review Recarte-Cruz’s petition under the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Patel v. Garland, 142 S. Ct. 1614 (2022), because it requires us to make a judgment relating to cancellation of removal. We recently rejected this argument in Llanas- Trejo v. Garland, 53 F.4th 458, 462 (8th Cir. 2022) (distinguishing Patel and finding we have jurisdiction to review the BIA’s denial of a motion to reopen a petitioner’s cancellation of removal proceedings). -2- the IJ denied Recarte-Cruz’s application for cancellation of removal because his two …

Original document
Source: All recent Immigration Decisions In All the U.S. Courts of Appeals