Ouedraogo v. Garland

Case: 21-60028 Document: 00516395958 Page: 1 Date Filed: 07/15/2022 United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED July 15, 2022 No. 21-60028 Lyle W. Cayce Summary Calendar Clerk Seni Ouedraogo, Petitioner, versus Merrick Garland, U.S. Attorney General, Respondent. Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Agency No. A216 271 046 Before Smith, Stewart, and Graves, Circuit Judges. Per Curiam:* Seni Ouedraogo, a native and citizen of Burkina Faso, petitions for review of the decision by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing his appeal from the denial of his application for asylum, withholding of removal, and relief under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). We do * Pursuant to 5th Circuit Rule 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5th Circuit Rule 47.5.4. Case: 21-60028 Document: 00516395958 Page: 2 Date Filed: 07/15/2022 No. 21-60028 not consider his arguments challenging the standard of review applied by the BIA and the sufficiency of its reasons, as he did not exhaust those issues in a motion to reconsider. See Martinez-Guevara v. Garland, 27 F.4th 353, 359- 60 (5th Cir. 2022). Nor do we consider his challenge to the BIA’s denial of his motion to remand, which he abandons by failing to adequately brief it. See Fed. R. App. P. 28(a)(8); Rui Yang v. Holder, 664 F.3d 580, 589 (5th Cir. 2011). With respect to his claims for asylum and withholding of removal, Ouedraogo challenges the findings by the BIA and immigration judge (IJ) that he failed to show that the Burkinabe government condones or is completely helpless to prevent violence against gay men. See Wang v. Holder, 569 F.3d 531, 536 (5th Cir. 2009); Sanchez-Amador v. Garland, 30 F.4th 529, 533 & n.3 (5th Cir. 2022). While he contends that the IJ erred by either failing to address or giving insufficient weight to relevant evidence, the IJ was not required to “acknowledge every piece of evidence,” Martinez-Guevara, 27 F.4th at 362, and we are not permitted to reweigh it, Mirza v. Garland, 996 F.3d 747, 753 (5th Cir. 2021). Even if Ouedraogo is correct that the evidence supports a finding that the Burkinabe government condones or is completely helpless to prevent violence against gay men, the ability to draw such a conclusion from the evidence “is not enough,” Sanchez-Amador, 30 F.4th at 533, to satisfy the “highly deferential” substantial evidence standard, Nasrallah v. Barr, 140 S. Ct. 1683, 1692 (2020). The record also contains evidence that supports the IJ’s contrary finding, as it reflects that the country’s laws did not criminalize sex between gay men or discriminate based on sexual orientation, that the Burkinabe government rejected a 2015 proposal to criminalize homosexual acts and gay marriage, and that there were no reports of governmental or societal violence against LGBTI groups. The IJ’s finding was supported further by Ouedraogo’s testimony that he did not …

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