People v. Montiel-Islas

People v Montiel-Islas (2018 NY Slip Op 02204) People v Montiel-Islas 2018 NY Slip Op 02204 Decided on March 28, 2018 Appellate Division, Second Department Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431. This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports. Decided on March 28, 2018 SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department RUTH C. BALKIN, J.P. JOHN M. LEVENTHAL SYLVIA O. HINDS-RADIX JOSEPH J. MALTESE, JJ. 2014-06515 [*1]The People of the State of New York, respondent, vGuillermo Montiel-Islas, appellant. (S.C.I. No. 2337/13) Paul Skip Laisure, New York, NY (Tammy Linn of counsel), for appellant. Richard A. Brown, District Attorney, Kew Gardens, NY (John M. Castellano, Johnnette Traill, Merri Turk Lasky, and Timothy McGrath of counsel; Max Lubin on the brief), for respondent. DECISION & ORDER Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Pauline Mullings, J.), rendered October 1, 2013, convicting him of aggravated driving while intoxicated, upon his plea of guilty, and imposing sentence. ORDERED that the matter is remitted to the Supreme Court, Queens County, to afford the defendant an opportunity to move to vacate his plea in accordance herewith, and for a report thereafter on any such motion, and the appeal is held in abeyance in the interim. The Supreme Court, Queens County, shall file its report with all convenient speed. In People v Peque (22 NY3d 168), the Court of Appeals held that, as part of a trial court's independent obligation to ascertain whether a defendant is pleading guilty voluntarily, the court must alert a noncitizen defendant, through a "short, straightforward statement on the record," that, if the defendant is not a United States citizen, "he or she may be deported on a guilty plea" (id. at 197). Here, the Supreme Court's vague reference to "immigration ramifications" was not adequate under Peque (see id. at 183). In order to withdraw or obtain vacatur of a plea based upon a Peque error, "a defendant must show that there is a reasonable probability that he or she would not have pleaded guilty and would have gone to trial had the trial court informed the defendant of potential deportation" (id. at 198; see People v Lopez-Alvarado, 149 AD3d 981, 981-982). That issue is not determinable on this record. Accordingly, we remit the matter to the Supreme Court, Queens County, to afford the defendant an opportunity to move to vacate his plea, and for a report by the Supreme Court thereafter. Any such motion shall be made by the defendant within 60 days after the date of this decision and order, and, upon such motion, the defendant shall have the burden of establishing that there is a "reasonable probability" that he would not have pleaded guilty had the court advised him of the possibility of deportation (People v Peque, 22 NY3d at 176; see People v Lopez-Alvarado, 149 AD3d at 981-982). In its report to this ...

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