Said Nepomuceno v. Jefferson Sessions, III

Case: 15-60804 Document: 00514250927 Page: 1 Date Filed: 11/28/2017 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit FILED No. 15-60804 November 28, 2017 Summary Calendar Lyle W. Cayce Clerk SAID ACOSTA NEPOMUCENO, also known as Said Acosta, Petitioner v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A078 135 020 Before JONES, SMITH, and BARKSDALE, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * Said Acosta Nepomuceno, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA) dismissing his appeal, regarding the Immigration Judge’s (IJ) order pretermitting his application for cancellation of removal. He claims the BIA and IJ erred in concluding he could not meet the required seven years of continuous residency after finding he was * Pursuant to 5th Cir. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5th Cir. R. 47.5.4. Case: 15-60804 Document: 00514250927 Page: 2 Date Filed: 11/28/2017 No. 15-60804 paroled into the United States, but not admitted in any status, prior to his 17 August 2005 adjustment to lawful permanent resident. Nepomuceno does not dispute the finding he was removable according to 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(2)(B)(i) based upon his convictions for offenses involving controlled substances and has, therefore, abandoned any challenge on that basis. Sama v. Hannigan, 669 F.3d 585, 589 (5th Cir. 2012); Soadjede v. Ashcroft, 324 F.3d 830, 833 (5th Cir. 2003). And, because Nepomuceno is removable as a criminal alien, we have jurisdiction to consider only constitutional claims or questions of law. 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(2)(C), (D); Brieva- Perez v. Gonzales, 482 F.3d 356, 359 (5th Cir. 2007). Accordingly, we lack jurisdiction to consider Nepomuceno’s fact-based claims. Escudero-Arciniega v. Holder, 702 F.3d 781, 785 (5th Cir. 2012); Nakimbugwe v. Gonzales, 475 F.3d 281, 284 (5th Cir. 2007). Moreover, we lack jurisdiction to consider whether the IJ should have made an adverse inference regarding the Government’s failure to produce a more substantial immigration file because, by failing to raise the issue before the BIA, Nepomuceno did not exhaust his administrative remedies. 8 U.S.C. § 1252(d)(1); Omari v. Holder, 562 F.3d 314, 321 (5th Cir. 2009); Wang v. Ashcroft, 260 F.3d 448, 452–53 (5th Cir. 2001). To the extent Nepomuceno raises a question of law by asserting he was admitted in any status when immigration officials allegedly “waved” him through inspection, his claim is without merit because the IJ expressly concluded he was paroled into the country, not admitted; therefore, because we lack jurisdiction for this fact-based claim, the question of his “status” is immaterial. Tula-Rubio v. Lynch, 787 F.3d 288, 290–91 (5th Cir. 2015). DENIED in part and DISMISSED in part. 2 15-60804 Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ca5 5th Cir. Said Nepomuceno v. Jefferson Sessions, III 28 November 2017 Immigration Unpublished 9eac9ccba569d840249e1d16aebfefd320fba736

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