Sandra Restrepo-Perez v. Jefferson Sessions

NOT FOR PUBLICATION FILED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS APR 16 2018 MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT SANDRA RESTREPO-PEREZ, AKA No. 15-71091 Patricia Colon, Agency No. A077-999-746 Petitioner, MEMORANDUM* v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Argued and Submitted March 15, 2018 San Francisco, California Before: PAEZ and IKUTA, Circuit Judges, and ADELMAN,** District Judge. Sandra Restrepo-Perez, a native and citizen of Colombia, petitions for review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals denying her untimely motion to reopen removal proceedings in light of Matter of A-R-C-G-, 26 I. & N. * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The Honorable Lynn S. Adelman, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, sitting by designation. Dec. 388 (BIA 2014) (recognizing “married women in Guatemala who are unable to leave their relationship” as a particular social group for asylum and withholding purposes). The Board concluded that its decision in A-R-C-G- was not a fundamental change in the law justifying an exercise of its sua sponte authority to reopen proceedings. The Board further concluded that even if A-R-C-G- had been a fundamental change, reopening was unwarranted because it would be futile. Specifically, the Board noted that Restrepo-Perez had failed to show that she would be able to overcome an independent obstacle to her eligibility for relief upon reopening by establishing that Colombian authorities were unwilling or unable to control her persecutor. See Respreto-Perez v. Holder, 553 F. App’x 687 (9th Cir. 2014) (mem.) (concluding, on consideration of a prior petition for review in these proceedings, that substantial evidence supported the Board’s decision to deny Restrepo-Perez’s asylum and withholding claims). Setting aside the question of whether we have jurisdiction to review the Board’s conclusion that A-R-C-G- was not a fundamental change in the law, we conclude that we lack jurisdiction to review the Board’s determination, based on its assessment of the factual record, that reopening would be futile. See Bonilla v. Lynch, 840 F.3d 575, 588 (9th Cir. 2016) (concluding that “this court has jurisdiction to review Board decisions denying sua sponte reopening for the limited 2 purpose of reviewing the reasoning behind the decisions for legal or constitutional error”). That discretionary determination provides independent and unreviewable grounds for the Board’s order. Therefore, the petition for review is DISMISSED. 3 15-71091 Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ca9 9th Cir. Sandra Restrepo-Perez v. Jefferson Sessions 16 April 2018 Agency Unpublished 9e62775181bf8bc4d906f3ee0c75fabed1644377

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