Taisou Mose v. Merrick Garland

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION FEB 13 2023 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT TAISOU MOSE, Nos. 18-73090 20-70065 Petitioner, Agency No. A038-798-414 v. MERRICK B. GARLAND, Attorney MEMORANDUM* General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted February 9, 2023** Pasadena, California Before: SCHROEDER, TALLMAN, and IKUTA, Circuit Judges. Taisou Mose seeks review of two orders by the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA). First, the BIA affirmed the decision of an Immigration Judge (IJ) * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). denying Mose’s applications for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture (CAT), as well as Mose’s motion to terminate removal proceedings. Second, the BIA denied Mose’s motion to reopen removal proceedings based on alleged ineffective assistance of counsel. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252(a)(1), and we deny both petitions for review. The BIA did not err in denying Mose’s applications for asylum and withholding of removal. Mose’s applications for both forms of relief were based on his membership in a proposed particular social group (PSG) comprised of “individuals who might be victims of robbers,” which the BIA rejected as not cognizable. Mose forfeited any challenge to the BIA’s rejection of his proposed PSG by failing to raise it in his opening brief. See Perez-Camacho v. Garland, 54 F.4th 597, 602 n.2 (9th Cir. 2022). We lack jurisdiction to consider the new PSG—“elderly returning Samoan[s], after decades abroad, with immediate family consisting of a single sibling”—which Mose raises for the first time on appeal, because he failed to exhaust this argument before the BIA. See Arsdi v. Holder, 659 F.3d 925, 928–29 (9th Cir. 2011). Mose also forfeited his challenge to the BIA’s denial of CAT relief because he failed to explain in his opening brief how the BIA erred in holding that Mose had not demonstrated that it was more likely 2 than not that he would be tortured if returned to Samoa. See Perez-Camacho, 54 F.4th at 602 n.2. The BIA did not err in denying Mose’s motion to terminate removal proceedings. Notwithstanding Pereira v. Sessions, 138 S. Ct. 2105, 2110 (2018), which is inapposite, the failure of an initial notice to appear to include the time and date for Mose’s first immigration proceeding does not deprive the immigration court of authority to conduct removal proceedings and issue a removal order. See United States v. Bastide-Hernandez, 39 F.4th 1187, 1191 (9th Cir. 2022) (en banc); Karingithi v. Whitaker, 913 F.3d 1158, 1159 (9th Cir. 2019). Finally, the BIA did not abuse its discretion in denying Mose’s motion to reopen and remand to the IJ so that Mose could seek to adjust his status. The motion was untimely because it was filed …

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