United States v. Alfonso Marquez

Case: 18-10419 Date Filed: 05/01/2018 Page: 1 of 4 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 18-10419 Non-Argument Calendar ________________________ D.C. Docket No. 0:17-cr-60237-KMM-1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus ALFONSO MARQUEZ, Defendant-Appellant. ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida ________________________ (May 1, 2018) Before JULIE CARNES, NEWSOM, and HULL, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Case: 18-10419 Date Filed: 05/01/2018 Page: 2 of 4 Alfonso Marquez appeals his within-guideline sentence of four months’ incarceration, to be followed by three years’ supervised release, after he pleaded guilty to presenting a false statement in an immigration application. On appeal, Marquez asserts that the district court’s sentence is substantively unreasonable because the court failed to consider his lack of criminal history and the fact that he accepted responsibility. After careful review, we affirm. We review the reasonableness of a sentence under a deferential abuse-of- discretion standard. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 41 (2007). We will reverse only if “left with the definite and firm conviction that the district court committed a clear error of judgment in weighing the [18 U.S.C.] § 3553(a) factors by arriving at a sentence that lies outside the range of reasonable sentences dictated by the facts of the case.” United States v. Irey, 612 F.3d 1160, 1190 (11th Cir. 2010) (en banc). A district court abuses its discretion when it (1) fails to consider relevant factors that were due significant weight, (2) gives an improper or irrelevant factor significant weight, or (3) commits a clear error of judgment by balancing the proper factors unreasonably. Id. at 1189. The district court must impose a sentence “sufficient, but not greater than necessary, to comply with the purposes” listed in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a)(2), including the need to reflect the seriousness of the offense, promote respect for the law, provide just punishment, deter criminal 2 Case: 18-10419 Date Filed: 05/01/2018 Page: 3 of 4 conduct, and protect the public from the defendant’s future criminal conduct. 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a)(2). The court must also consider the nature and circumstances of the offense, the history and characteristics of the defendant, the kinds of sentences available, the applicable guideline range, and the pertinent policy statements of the Sentencing Commission. Id. § 3553(a)(1), (3)–(5). The weight given to any specific § 3553(a) factor is committed to the sound discretion of the district court. United States v. Clay, 483 F.3d 739, 743 (11th Cir. 2007). The court may give greater weight to one factor over others. United States v. Dougherty, 754 F.3d 1353, 1361 (11th Cir. 2014). A sentence imposed well below the statutory maximum penalty is an indicator of reasonableness. See United States v. Gonzalez, 550 F.3d 1319, 1324 (11th Cir. 2008). Additionally, while we have declined to adopt a formal presumption of reasonableness as to sentences within the guidelines range, we ordinarily expect the district court’s decision to impose a within-guideline sentence to be reasonable. United States v. ...

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