United States v. Isidro Aguilar-Mendoza

NOT PRECEDENTIAL UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT ___________ No. 17-2799 ___________ UNITED STATES OF AMERICA v. ISIDRO AGUILAR-MENDOZA, a/k/a ARTURO ROMERO-BOBADILLA, Appellant ___________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania (No. 1:17-CR-00069-001) District Judge: Honorable Sylvia H. Rambo ___________ Submitted Under Third Circuit LAR 34.1(a) March 12, 2018 Before: JORDAN, KRAUSE, and GREENBERG, Circuit Judges (Opinion filed: March 21, 2018) ___________ OPINION* ___________ * This disposition is not an opinion of the full Court and pursuant to I.O.P. 5.7 does not constitute binding precedent. KRAUSE, Circuit Judge. Appellant Isidro Aguilar-Mendoza challenges his twelve-month sentence of imprisonment for illegal reentry, arguing that it was both procedurally incorrect and substantively unreasonable. For the reasons that follow, we will affirm. I. Background Aguilar-Mendoza was stopped by Pennsylvania police in February 2017 and subsequently detained by immigration authorities. In July 2017, Aguilar-Mendoza, a native and citizen of Mexico, pleaded guilty to a one-count indictment that charged him with illegal reentry, in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a). This was Aguilar-Mendoza’s second illegal reentry conviction, although it is undisputed that he has entered the United States illicitly and been removed at least five times, oftentimes under different aliases. The Presentence Investigation Report (“PSR”) calculated a sentencing Guidelines range of eight to fourteen months to which Aguilar-Mendoza did not object. At his sentencing hearing, however, Aguilar-Mendoza requested a downward variance to time served, explaining that he intended to return immediately to Mexico with his family because his daughter was in poor health due to her Down syndrome. The District Court ultimately imposed a within-Guidelines sentence of twelve months’ imprisonment based on Aguilar-Mendoza’s high rate of recidivism and the need to deter further illegal reentry. This appeal followed. 2 II. Discussion1 On appeal, Aguilar-Mendoza argues his sentence was both procedurally and substantively unreasonable based on essentially the same allegation: that in denying his request for a downward variance, the District Court failed to adequately consider the relevant 18 U.S.C. § 3553 factors,2 first by ignoring that he intended to immediately return to Mexico on account of his daughter’s poor health, and second by overstating his number of illegal reentries as “extremely high,” App. 30. Upon review, however, these contentions are not supported by the record. In reviewing for procedural error, we assess whether the District Court meaningfully considered the defendant’s variance arguments as required by § 3553(a), United States v. Wright, 642 F.3d 148, 152 (3d Cir. 2011), with the understanding that “[t]he district court need not make explicit findings as to each . . . factor[],” United States v. Merced, 603 F.3d 203, 215 (3d Cir. 2010) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Here, however, the District Court did explicitly consider the relevant factors, including Aguilar-Mendoza’s asserted family responsibilities, when it noted that while “the Court first intended to give the maximum 14 months, . . . after consideration of other factors, concerning particularly his family situation, the Court believes that a sentence in 1 The ...

Original document
Source: All recent Immigration Decisions In All the U.S. Courts of Appeals