United States v. William Dor

Case: 16-17191 Date Filed: 04/04/2018 Page: 1 of 13 [DO NOT PUBLISH] IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT ________________________ No. 16-17191 Non-Argument Calendar ________________________ D.C. Docket No. 9:15-cv-81701-RLR UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus WILLIAM DOR, Defendant-Appellant. ________________________ Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida ________________________ (April 4, 2018) Before WILLIAM PRYOR, ROSENBAUM, and ANDERSON, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: Case: 16-17191 Date Filed: 04/04/2018 Page: 2 of 13 William Dor appeals pro se from the district court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of the government in this action to revoke his naturalized United States citizenship. He argues that the district court erred in granting the government’s motion for summary judgment because he never received notice or a copy of the motion, and the evidence did not show that he committed a crime during the critical time period that reflected adversely on his moral character. After careful review, we affirm the revocation of Dor’s naturalized citizenship. I. Dor, a native of Haiti, was admitted to the United States in 2001 and became a lawful permanent resident as of February 2005. He applied for U.S. citizenship in April 2010 on the ground that he had been a lawful permanent resident for at least five years. His application was approved and, on July 28, 2010, Dor took the oath of allegiance and was admitted as a naturalized citizen of the United States. In November 2011, Dor was arrested on a charge of fraud and misuse of visas, permits, and other documents, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1546(a). About a month later, a prosecutor filed an information charging Dor with conspiracy to produce identification documents without lawful authority, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1028(a)(1) and (f), “[f]rom in or around August, 2007, and continuing through on or about September, 2011.” Dor agreed to plead guilty to the information under a written plea agreement. A magistrate judge conducted a plea 2 Case: 16-17191 Date Filed: 04/04/2018 Page: 3 of 13 hearing. During the hearing, Dor admitted that he was paid to complete and file fraudulent immigration petitions—specifically I-360 petitions for victims of domestic violence—for the purpose of helping others obtain Florida drivers’ licenses. Dor stipulated that “over 100 aliens were involved in the conspiracy.” He was warned at the plea hearing that the offense may affect his citizenship because it was committed during the naturalization process. Dor said that he understood. The district court accepted Dor’s plea in January 2012. He was sentenced to 12 months plus one day of imprisonment. In December 2015, the government filed a civil action to revoke Dor’s citizenship on the ground that he had illegally procured his citizenship. 1 See 8 U.S.C. § 1451(a). The government alleged that he was barred from establishing the necessary “good moral character” under 8 U.S.C. § 1101(f) because during the period of time required by statute, he had committed unlawful acts reflecting adversely upon his moral character. The statutory ...

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