Yaneth Umanzor-Maldonado v. Jefferson Sessions, II

Case: 17-60039 Document: 00514450831 Page: 1 Date Filed: 04/30/2018 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit No. 17-60039 FILED Summary Calendar April 30, 2018 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk ASTRID MICHELLE ESCOBAR-UMANZOR, Petitioner v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Cons. w/No. 17-60041 YANETH LIZETH UMANZOR-MALDONADO, Petitioner v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS, III, U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL, Respondent Petitions for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals BIA No. A098 590 400 BIA No. A098 590 399 Case: 17-60039 Document: 00514450831 Page: 2 Date Filed: 04/30/2018 No. 17-60039 c/w No. 17-60041 Before BARKSDALE, OWEN, and WILLETT, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM: * For these consolidated petitions, Yaneth Lizeth Umanzor-Maldonado and her daughter Astrid Michelle Escobar-Umanzor, natives and citizens of Honduras, seek review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA) dismissal of their appeals from an Immigration Judge’s (IJ) denial of their motions to reopen their in absentia removal proceedings. Unless it meets an exception, a motion to reopen removal proceedings must “be filed within 90 days of the date of entry of a final administrative order of removal”; for petitioners, that date was in early 2005. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(C)(i). Nevertheless, a motion to reopen may be filed at any time if the alien provides previously unavailable material evidence of changed circumstances in her home country. 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(c)(7)(C)(ii). Petitioners maintain the BIA erred in affirming they did not qualify for the changed-country-conditions exception to the time limitation, based upon, inter alia, the IJ’s determination that Umanzor’s abuser’s returning to Honduras reflected a change in petitioners’ personal circumstances, rather than changed conditions in Honduras. They assert the abuser’s returning to Honduras could not be a personal circumstance, because it was not self-induced by them. Larngar v. Holder, 562 F.3d 71, 75 (1st Cir. 2009). In addition, they present evidence of an escalation of violence against women in Honduras. And, Escobar asserts the BIA erred in basing its decision on her mother’s contentions, rather than separately analyzing Escobar’s. For obvious reasons, denial of a motion to reopen is reviewed “under a ‘highly deferential abuse-of-discretion standard’”. Singh v. Lynch, 840 F.3d * Pursuant to 5th Cir. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5th Cir. R. 47.5.4. 2 Case: 17-60039 Document: 00514450831 Page: 3 Date Filed: 04/30/2018 No. 17-60039 c/w No. 17-60041 220, 222 (5th Cir. 2016) (quoting Zhao v. Gonzales, 404 F.3d 295, 303–04 (5th Cir. 2005)). “Under that standard, the BIA’s ruling will stand, even if this court concludes it is erroneous, ‘so long as it is not capricious, racially invidious, utterly without foundation in the evidence, or otherwise so irrational that it is arbitrary rather than the result of any perceptible rational approach.’” Id. (quoting Zhao, 404 F.3d at 304). Our standard of review controls: that the return of Umanzor’s abuser to Honduras was a change ...

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