Zhigang Yi v. Jefferson Sessions

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION DEC 11 2017 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT ZHIGANG YI, No. 15-71239 Petitioner, Agency No. A205-565-764 v. MEMORANDUM* JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted December 4, 2017** San Francisco, California Before: CLIFTON and OWENS, Circuit Judges, and BUCKLO,*** District Judge. Zhigang Yi, a native and citizen of China, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ decision dismissing his appeal. The BIA affirmed the * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). *** The Honorable Elaine E. Bucklo, United States District Judge for the Northern District of Illinois, sitting by designation. Immigration Judge’s (IJ) order denying Yi’s application for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture (CAT). Because Yi filed his application after May 11, 2005, his case is governed by the REAL ID Act. REAL ID Act of 2005, Pub. L. No. 109-13, § 101(h)(2), 119 Stat. 231, 305. We review the denial of the application for substantial evidence. Sinha v. Holder, 564 F.3d 1015, 1020, 1025 (9th Cir. 2009). We review both the BIA’s decision and the parts of the IJ’s analysis that the BIA identified as “most significant.” Lai v. Holder, 773 F.3d 966, 970 (9th Cir. 2014). We deny the petition. The IJ denied Yi’s application for asylum and withholding of removal because he did not present sufficient credible testimony or adequate corroborating evidence. We first review the adverse credibility analysis. Bhattarai v. Lynch, 835 F.3d 1037, 1043 (9th Cir. 2016). We must uphold the adverse credibility determination if “even one basis is supported by substantial evidence.” Rizk v. Holder, 629 F.3d 1083, 1088-89 (9th Cir. 2011). We find that the adverse credibility determination was supported by substantial evidence. In particular, the IJ legitimately determined that Yi’s failure to disclose a previous application for a U.S. visa to an asylum officer undermined his credibility. The IJ found implausible Yi’s explanation that he “forgot” having applied for the visa and thus construed the omission as deliberate deception. We 2 have stated that a petitioner’s decision to lie to immigration authorities “always counts as substantial evidence supporting an adverse credibility finding” unless the petitioner has lied to escape immediate danger (an exception which does not apply here). Singh v. Holder, 643 F.3d 1178, 1181 (9th Cir. 2011). Because this deception supported the IJ’s adverse credibility determination, we need not discuss the other factors the IJ considered, nor need we review the IJ’s analysis of Yi’s failure to provide adequate corroborating evidence. Bhattarai, 835 F.3d at 1043- 44; Rizk, 629 F.3d at 1088-89. We therefore deny the petition with respect to Yi’s application for asylum and withholding of removal. We also ...

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