Anping Zhou v. Jefferson Sessions

FILED NOT FOR PUBLICATION DEC 21 2017 UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT ANPING ZHOU, No. 14-72885 Petitioner, Agency No. A087-872-497 v. MEMORANDUM* JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Respondent. On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals Submitted December 6, 2017** Pasadena, California Before: CANBY and REINHARDT, Circuit Judges, and BLOCK,*** District Judge. * This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3. ** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2). *** The Honorable Frederic Block, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of New York, sitting by designation. Anping Zhou, a native and citizen of the People’s Republic of China, petitions for review of a decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) denying his applications for asylum under 8 U.S.C. § 1158, withholding of removal under 8 U.S.C. § 1231(b)(3), and protection under the Convention Against Torture (“CAT”) pursuant to 8 C.F.R. § 1208.16(c). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We deny the petition for review. 1. Substantial evidence supports the BIA’s conclusion that Zhou failed to demonstrate that he has been subject to past persecution or has a well-founded fear of future persecution. 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101(a)(42), 1158(b)(1)(A); Yan Xia Zhu v. Mukasey, 537 F.3d 1034, 1038 (9th Cir. 2008). In 1989, Zhou attempted to prevent his wife’s forced abortion under China’s one-child policy. Security guards arrested him, punching him once in the face and kicking him in the leg. He was taken to a police station, interrogated for 20 or 30 minutes, and detained for three days, during which he was not subjected to any mistreatment. He was then released without conditions and returned to his job at a state-owned diesel engine company. Twenty years later, he was arrested for helping to organize a factory workers’ protest. At a police station he was interrogated for about an hour, and was struck with a baton five or six times on the arms and seven or eight times on the back. He was detained for three days without further mistreatment, and upon 2 release he treated his bruises without medical assistance. He was required to report to the police station weekly and not leave his residential district. He was fired from his job at the diesel engine company, and found brief employment elsewhere before leaving for the United States. Zhou’s two isolated instances of mistreatment separated by twenty years do not compel a conclusion contrary to that of the immigration judge and the BIA that Zhou had not suffered past persecution. See Gu v. Gonzales, 454 F.3d 1014, 1019-21 (9th Cir. 2006); see also Wakkary v. Holder, 558 F.3d 1049, 1159 (9th Cir. 2009) (providing that persecution is “an extreme concept that does not include every sort of treatment our society regards as offensive”) (internal quotation ...

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